Eight Weeks of High-Volume Resistance Training Improves Onset of Blood Lactate in Trained Individuals

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Lantis, DJ, Farrell, JW, III, Cantrell, GS, and Larson, RD. Eight weeks of high volume resistance training improves onset of blood lactate in trained individuals. J Strength Cond Res 31(8): 2176–2182, 2017—The purpose of this study was to determine if onset of blood lactate (OBLA) using the fixed at 4 mmol·L−1 method could be delayed by supplementing high-volume resistance training (HVRT) to existing endurance training programs. There were 20 male subjects who participated in the study; 11 experimental (EX) (22.8 ± 4.6 years) and 9 controls (CON) (23.2 ± 5.8 years). An incremental cycling test was performed to determine maximal oxygen uptake, OBLA, maximum power, and time to exhaustion. Additionally, strength of the leg press (LP), leg curl (LC), and leg extension (LE) was assessed in both groups. Participants continued their ongoing endurance training, whereas the EX group supplemented their training with HVRT twice weekly for 8 weeks, performing 4 sets of 15 repetitions of LP, LC, and LE. Change score (post–pre) analysis was measured, using t-tests to compare the differences between groups, to eliminate outside variables that may have affected testing performance. Significance was set at p ≤ 0.05. No significant group differences in baseline measures were observed. A significant difference was observed for OBLA at 4 mmol·L−1 (EX: 18.17 ± 15.36 W and CON: −3.52 ± 20.13 W, p < 0.02). A significant difference was observed for LP (EX: 39.09 ± 25.87 kg and CON: 4.22 ± 34.65 kg, p < 0.02) and LC (EX: 22.84 ± 8.7 kg and CON: −1.47 ± 8.2 kg, p < 0.01). Supplementing HVRT in endurance-trained individuals delayed OBLA at 4 mmol·L−1 and improved leg strength. The HVRT used in the current study may be a useful training style for endurance-trained individuals.

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