Practical Considerations for Assessing Pulmonary Gas Exchange and Ventilation During Flume Swimming Using the MetaSwim Metabolic Cart

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Lomax, M, Mayger, B, Saynor, ZL, Vine, C, and Massey, HC. Practical considerations for assessing pulmonary gas exchange and ventilation during flume swimming using the MetaSwim metabolic cart. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000–000, 2018—The MetaSwim (MS) metabolic cart can assess pulmonary gas exchange and ventilation in aquatic environments. The aims of this study were: (a) to determine the agreement between minute ventilation (V[Combining Dot Above]E), pulmonary oxygen uptake (V[Combining Dot Above]O2), and carbon dioxide output (V[Combining Dot Above]CO2) using the MS and Douglas bag (DB) methods during flume swimming; and (b) to assess the repeatability of these and other MS-derived parameters. Sixteen trained swimmers completed a combined incremental and supramaximal verification cardiopulmonary swimming test to determine maximal V[Combining Dot Above]O2, 2 progressive intensity swimming tests during which MS and DB measurements were made (agreement protocol), and 3–4 constant-velocity submaximal swimming tests during which only the MS was used (repeatability protocol). Agreement was determined using limits of agreement (LoA), bias, random error, and 95% confidence intervals with systematic bias assessed using paired samples t-tests. Within-trial and between-trial repeatability were determined using the coefficient of variation (CV) and the repeatability coefficient (CR). Where data were heteroscedastic, LoA and CR were log-transformed, antilogged, and displayed as ratios. MetaSwim underestimated peak V[Combining Dot Above]O2 and V[Combining Dot Above]CO2 (≤0.39 L·min−1) and V[Combining Dot Above]E (9.08 L·min−1), whereas submaximal values varied between 2 and 5% for CV and ±1.09–1.22 for ratio CR. The test-retest CV during constant-velocity swimming for V[Combining Dot Above]E, tidal volume, breathing frequency, V[Combining Dot Above]O2, V[Combining Dot Above]CO2, and end-tidal pressures of O2 and CO2 was <9% (ratio CR of ±1.09–1.34). Thus, the MS and DB cannot be used interchangeably. Whether the MS is suitable for evaluating ventilatory and pulmonary responses in swimming will depend on the size of effect required.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles