The Effect of Aspartate and Sodium Bicarbonate Supplementation on Muscle Contractile Properties Among Trained Men

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Abstract

Farney, TM, MacLellan, MJ, Hearon, CM, Johannsen, NM, and Nelson, AG. The effect of aspartate and sodium bicarbonate supplementation on muscle contractile properties among trained men. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000–000, 2018—The focus of this investigation was to examine the effects of aspartate and NaHCO3 supplementation on muscle contractile properties within trained men. Eleven men (21.9 ± 1.5 years) ingested supplementation as 4 conditions all separated by 1 week and included the following: placebo (PLA), L-aspartate (12.5 mg) (ASP), NaHCO3 (0.3 g·kg−1) (SBC), or combination of ASP and SBC (CBO). For each day of testing, participants performed 1 high-intensity exercise session along with a pre- and postexercise (pre- or postex) isometric mid thigh pull test to measure peak force (PF) production and rate of force development (RFD). Blood was collected for all testing sessions before and after the high-intensity exercise to determine ammonia accumulation (AMM). Exercise sessions consisted of 4 exercises: barbell thrusters, squat jumps, lunge jumps, and forward jumps, with the total amount of work being equated for all 4 exercises across all 4 testing sessions. Participants performed the exercises in the aforementioned order, which was designated as 1 round. Each participant performed 3 rounds, with the work-to-rest ratio being 20-second work, 30-second rest. A 1-minute rest was given between the rounds. There were no treatment effects (p > 0.05) for PF, RFD, or AMM. However, there was a significant main effect for supplement consumption for the total time of work with the ASP, SBC, and CBO treatments having a lower time to completion compared with the PLA treatment. Ammonia was significantly elevated postexercise (p = 0.004), whereas there were no differences from preexercise to postexercise for PF or RFD (p > 0.05). The only significant treatment × time interaction was for RFD (p = 0.03) with CBO increasing postexercise, with the other 3 treatments all decreasing postexercise. The combination of ASP and SBC together may have the potential to reduce fatigue by mitigating the effects of metabolic by-product accumulation.

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