Artificial Penile Bodies—From Kama Sutra to Modern Times

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Artificial penile nodules are defined as inert objects inserted beneath the skin of the penis to enhance the pleasure of female/male sexual partners during intercourse.


The aim of this article is to present our experience in dealing with artificial penile bodies. We have also reviewed the pertinent literature focusing on social, motivational, and occupational characteristics of individuals adopting this sexual practice, diagnostic dilemmas and the surgical and health side effects of the implantation of artificial penile nodules.


We performed a computerized MEDLINE search followed by a manual bibliographic review of cross-references. These reports were analyzed and the important findings summarized.


The phenomenon of inserting self-made artificial nodules beneath the skin of the penis was first described in the Kama Sutra, the classic Indian treatise on love. It is most commonly observed among men from Southeast Asia. The occurrence is much less common in western cultures, but it has been reported to occur in Romania, Germany, and among Fijians and Russian immigrants in Israel. Furthermore, four cases of self-inserted artificial penile bodies from our clinical practice are presented and discussed.


The most common motive associated with foreign artificial bodies on the penis is sexual or erotic in nature and that is to enhance the pleasure of female or male sexual partners during sexual intercourse. Most of the reports involve members of low economic groups like gang members, soldiers, drug addicts, sailors, labor workers, and prisoners. Men suffer no serious side effects after insertion, although fixed beads can cause rupture of condoms. For women, the beads can cause abrasions and a few days of postcoital vaginal pain. Penis implants and inserts and other penis augmentation devices are potentially dangerous to both men and women, and of questionable value in bringing pleasure to either, and should be discouraged. Stankov O, Ivanovski O, and Popov Z. Artificial penile bodies—from Kama sutra to modern times. J Sex Med 2009;6:1543-1548.

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