Multiple Primary Malignancies in Patients With Sporadic Pancreatic Endocrine Tumors

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Abstract

Background:

To investigate the appearance of multiple primary malignancies in patients with sporadic neuroendocrine pancreatic tumors (NEPTs).

Methods:

One hundred forty-five patients with NEPTs were treated at the Department of Surgery, Philipps-University Marburg. Multiple primary malignancies included tumors that were not considered to be a metastasis, invasion, or recurrence of NEPTs. Data on sex, age at diagnosis of cancer, follow-up time after diagnosis, and death rate were collected.

Results:

Of 115 patients with sporadic NEPTs, 15 (13.0%) patients were identified with at least one malignant tumor, other than a NEPT The median age at diagnosis of the associated tumor(s) was 57 years (range, 10–72 years). Two of the 15 patients had insulinomas, 5 had gastrinomas and 8 had non-functioning NEPTs, respectively. The risk of developing multiple cancers was the highest for patients with gastrinoma (21.7%), followed by patients with non-functioning NFPTs (20.5%).

Conclusions:

In patients with NEPTs multiple primary malignancies are found more frequently than in the general population. The etiology of the increased risk of other primaries is not clearly defined, but it may be the result of accumulated growth stimulation by the secreted hormones or a genetic alteration that leads to tumorogenesis in these patients.

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