We performed a systematic evaluation of tumor pattern and surgical outcome in 214 consecutive patients with primary ovarian cancer.Methods:
Based on the surgical and histological reports we retrospectively analyzed tumor localizations, surgical and clinical outcome. Coxregression analysis was performed to identify independent predictors of complete tumor resection and mortality.Results:
Median age was 57.7 years (range: 20-88). FIGO-stage-I was classified in 8.4% and IV in 16.4% of all patients. The peritoneum was the structure most affected (76%) followed by the colon (52%) and diaphragm (44%). Upper abdominal tumor involvement was associated with a significantly higher rate of lymph node metastasis and a significantly lower rate of complete surgical tumor resection, when compared to patients with tumor limited to the lower abdomen. Median overall survival was 56; 61 and 27 months for patients with tumor load in the upper, lower and whole abdomen respectively (P<0.05).Conclusions:
The intraoperative tumor dissemination pattern and the post-operative tumor residuals are decisive for the prognosis in primary ovarian cancer. There is an urgent need to use a systematic and standardized tumor documentation protocols to define the predictive and prognostic role of specific tumor pattern and to compare the surgical outcomes of different tumor centers.