Iron-deficiency anemia: A predictor of diminished disease-free survival of T3N0M0 stage colon cancer

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Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this study was to determine whether iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) predicts long-term oncologic outcomes in patients with TNM stage II colon cancer.

Methods

Clinical and follow-up data were extracted from a prospective colon cancer database. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify IDA and other predictors of long-term oncologic outcomes.

Results

Among 644 patients, 147 (22.8%) patients presented with IDA. The data were stratified by T3N0M0 and T4N0M0. The distribution difference of IDA between the two subsets was not significant (P=0.340). But in the T4N0M0 subset, the incidence of IDA increased with the depth of tumor penetration (75.9% and 18.2% for the patients with and without adjacent organ involvement, respectively, P=0.011). IDA predicted a worse disease-free survival among patients with T3N0M0 cancer (472 patients; log-rank test, P=0.016; Cox regression, P=0.009), but it was not a predictor in T4N0M0 cancer patients (172 patients; log-rank test, P=0.016; Cox regression, P>0.05).

Conclusions

IDA was an independent predictor of long-term outcome in T3N0M0 stage, but not in T4N0M0 colon cancer. T3N0M0 stage colon cancer patients with IDA could be included in future trials of adjuvant therapies. J. Surg. Oncol. 2012;105:371–375. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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