Circulating tumor markers: Predictors of incomplete cytoreduction and powerful determinants of outcome in pseudomyxoma peritonei

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid



Incomplete cytoreduction (IC) is one of the main prognostic factor in pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP). We evaluated the ability of preoperative Ca125, CEA, and Ca19-9 to predict IC and prognosis in PMP.


One hundred fifty-six cases elected candidate to cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy from 1996 to 2011 were included in the study. We assessed the: (1) optimal cut-off values for circulating Tumor markers (CTM) in predicting IC (residual disease >2.5 mm) using receiver-operating characteristics (ROC); (2) discriminant power of CTM and risk prediction models for IC by calculating the area under ROC curve (AUC-ROC); (3) prognostic factors using Cox proportional-hazard model.


Optimal cut-offs were 125 U/ml for Ca125, 18 ng/ml for CEA, and 89 U/ml for Ca19-9. The AUCs-ROC were 0.76, 0.68, and 0.69 for Ca125, CEA, and Ca19-9, respectively. The addition of CTM to risk prediction model that considered preoperative clinicopathological factors increased marginally the AUC-ROC (0.80–0.84). Ca125 > 125 U/ml, Ca19-9 > 89 U/ml independently affected overall survival.


Preoperative CTMs were reasonable but not perfect discriminators of IC. Moreover, Ca125 and Ca19-9, using new cut-off values, were proven to be new strong prognostic factors that overcome the value of disease extension and histological subtype. J. Surg. Oncol. 2013;108:1–8. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles