Imaging plays an important role in the diagnosis, biopsy, staging, and follow-up of patients with soft tissue sarcomas. General principles of imaging diagnosis of soft-tissue sarcomas using radiography, ultrasound, CT, MRI, and PET/CT will be discussed, with emphasis on the role of location, internal fat and calcification, presence of myxoid stroma, and enhancement characteristics. J. Surg. Oncol. 2015 111:496–503. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.