Despite optimal treatment, patients with soft tissue sarcoma are at risk for recurrence and therefore appropriate surveillance is critical. At minimum, regularly scheduled clinical assessments and chest X-rays are necessary. Consensus guidelines are available; however, surveillance strategies must be personalized based on the risk for recurrence and inherent disease biology. Further research is needed on a number of issues, including the impact of surveillance on clinical outcome and the utility of molecular surveillance. J. Surg. Oncol. 2015 111:641–645. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.