Multiple diagnostic and treatment paradigms exist for the management of carcinoma of unknown primary (CUP) metastatic to cervical lymph nodes. Transoral robotic surgery (TORS) has emerged as a modality for diagnosis and treatment of CUP, optimizing identification and resection of the primary tumor, although also preventing chemotherapy in a subset of patients. This article presents the authors' treatment paradigm and reviews the literature supporting the use of TORS in the management of CUP. J. Surg. Oncol. 2015;112:697–701. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.