The Value of FDG-PET in the Staging of Gastric Adenocarcinoma: A Single Institution Retrospective Review

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Abstract

Background:

The value of FDG-PET in the staging of gastric adenocarcinoma (GA) has been subject to debate.

Methods:

We performed a retrospective review of GA patients between 2006 and 2014 and identified those who had a CT and FDG-PET before initiating treatment. CT and FDG-PET images were analyzed by a blinded body radiologist and nuclear physician, respectively. Disease stage was assessed, looking at primary tumor (PT), locoregional (LLN) and distant lymph node disease (DLN), and metastasis (M).

Results:

We identified 608 patients who had biopsy-proven GA and 207 (34.0%) had a CT and FDG-PET as part of their staging work-up. Of these, imaging from 166 (27.3%) patients was available for review. CT identified PT, LLN, DLN, and M in 120 (72.3%), 84 (50.6%), 25 (15.1%), and 32 (19.3%) patients, respectively; while FDG-PET identified PT, LLN, DLN, and M in 125 (75.3%), 78 (47.0%), 41 (24.7%), and 27 (16.3%) of patients, respectively. FDG-PET up-staged 31 (18.7%) patients while it down-staged 17 (10.2%) patients. Of patients who were up-staged, 20 (64.5%) developed progressive disease.

Conclusions:

Our findings support the use of FDG-PET as a valuable adjunct to CT in the staging of GA, as it changed the stage in 48 (28.9%) patients. J. Surg. Oncol. 2016;113:640–646. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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