Postmastectomy radiation (PMRT) in the setting of immediate breast reconstruction has been associated with increased complications and poorer aesthetic outcomes for both autologous and implant reconstructions. Many centers have attempted to mitigate the deleterious effects associated with radiation by implementing an algorithmic approach to breast reconstruction. Although the literature regarding the optimal timing of radiotherapy and breast reconstruction remains controversial, reported outcomes following various algorithms have been encouraging and warrant further consideration. J. Surg. Oncol. 2016;113:906–912. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.