Using Orem's self-care model for asthmatic adolescents

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Abstract

Purpose.

The aim of the study was to determine the effect of Orem's self-care model on the self-care of adolescents with asthma.

Design and Methods.

In this experimental design, adolescents with asthma (N = 80) received home visits and individualized care based on theory-guided nursing diagnoses. Patients in the experimental group were visited in their homes eight times, and those in the control group were visited two times.

Results.

The five self-care skills of medicine usage, peak expiratory flow meter usage, applying an asthma action plan, keeping a daily follow-up schedule, and protecting against triggering factors differed significantly between the first and last visits in the experimental group, whereas the self-care skills of adolescents in the control group did not change.

Practice Implications.

Applying Orem's self-care model increased the self-care skills of adolescents with asthma.

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