Empowered to Self-Care: A Photovoice Study in Patients With Heart Failure

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Introduction: Heart failure–related hospitalization is preventable through self-care but remains a common cardiovascular reason for rehospitalization. The purpose of this study was to explore the promotion of self-care in Singaporean patients with heart failure. Method: A descriptive qualitative design was adopted using Photovoice. Sixteen participants with heart failure were recruited from an outpatient cardiology clinic in Singapore. The participants were asked to take photographs that represented their promotion of self-care and used them in the subsequent interviews. Data were transcribed verbatim and analyzed using thematic analysis. Results: Four themes emerged: (1) accepting life; (2) appreciating life; (3) maintaining meaning in life; and (4) establishing a new normal life. The four themes provided insights into how they empowered themselves to self-care. Discussion: Participants were empowered to self-care through active and passive processes. Self-reflection served as an active process internally. Support from health care providers served as a passive process externally.

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