Chordal cutting in ischemic mitral regurgitation: A propensity-matched study

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Abstract

Objective:

The optimal surgical treatment of ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR) has not been well defined. Second-order chordal cutting (CC), in selected patients, can improve surgical outcomes.

Methods:

From 2007 to 2011, 31 patients underwent CC for ischemic MR. The indication was the presence of increased tethering of the anterior leaflet, with a bending angle (BA) <145°. Patients with same echocardiographic characteristics were identified and propensity matched for age, ejection fraction (EF), MR grade, diameters, and BA. Only patients with preoperative and follow-up echocardiograms were included and divided into 2 groups of 26 patients each, CC and no-CC.

Results:

Preoperatively, in the CC and no-CC groups, the age was 61 ± 9 and 62 ± 10 years, EF was 31% ± 5% and 29% ± 8%, MR grade (0-4) was 3.6 ± 0.6 and 3.3 ± 0.8, and diastolic and systolic dimension was 56 ± 7 and 43 ± 8 mm and 57 ± 11 and 44 ± 11 mm, respectively. The New York Heart Association class and BA was 2.7 ± 0.6 and 2.6 ± 0.7 and 137° ± 4° and 137° ± 6°, respectively. All patients underwent overreductive annuloplasty. In the CC group, second-order chords were cut using aortotomy. After a mean of 33 ± 15 months, the MR grade was 0.6 ± 0.6 and 1.1 ± 0.8 (P = .014) and the EF was 40% ± 5% and 35% ± 7% (P = .005) in the CC and no-CC groups, respectively. The corresponding diastolic and systolic diameters were 52 ± 5 and 38 ± 8 mm and 53 ± 11 and 41 ± 12 mm (P = NS). The modifications were significant only in the CC group (P = .022 and P = .029 for the diastolic and systolic dimensions, respectively). The corresponding New York Heart Association class decreased to 1.1 ± 0.3 and 1.5 ± 0.6 (P = .004). The BA increased to 182° ± 4° in the CC (P < .001) and remained unchanged (137° ± 6°) in the no-CC group.

Conclusions:

In selected patients with a BA <145° and coaptation depth ≤10 mm, CC is related to less MR return or persistence, improved EF, and lower New York Heart Association class.

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