Short-term outcomes of a simple and effective approach to aortic root and arch repair in acute type A aortic dissection

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Abstract

Objective:

To evaluate short-term outcomes following direct aortic root and arch repair in patients with acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD) without technical adjuncts.

Methods:

Between 2012 and 2016, 94 consecutive patients with ATAAD underwent surgical repair, including aortic root repair (n = 45), root replacement (n = 39), or no root procedure (n = 10). Aortic root repair was achieved by running approximation of the dissected aortic wall circumferentially at the sinotubular junction and reinforcing the coronary ostia with 5-0 Prolene. The aortic root and arch were anastomosed to the Dacron graft with 5-0 Prolene without Teflon felt or biological glue.

Results:

Postoperative new-onset myocardial infarction, stroke, renal failure, and complete heart block occurred in 0%, 4%, 13%, and 0% of patients, respectively, whereas 30-day mortality was 4%. The incidences of permanent neurologic deficit and renal failure were 1% and 2%, respectively. Up to 5 years, the aortic root repair group was free from residual or recurrent aortic root dissection, major change in the aortic root diameter, and moderate to severe aortic regurgitation; the entire cohort was free of anastomotic pseudoaneurysm and reoperation for proximal aortic pathology or significant change in diameter of the aortic arch and descending thoracic aorta. Overall survival was 85% at 4 years and was significantly enhanced in the aortic root repair group compared with the Bentall group (n = 24) (93% vs 57%; P = .035).

Conclusions:

Direct aortic root and arch repair with approximation of the aortic wall without use of technical adjuncts is safe and effective for patients with ATAAD. If warranted, preservation of the native aortic valve should be considered for a potential survival benefit.

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