Bentall procedure after previous aortic valve or complete root replacement: Usefulness of self-assembled aortic valve conduit

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Abstract

Objectives:

The aim of this study was to evaluate surgical results of complete aortic root replacement using self-assembled valve composite graft in the setting of destroyed aortic annulus after previous valve replacement.

Methods:

Aortic root pathology being addressed by complete root replacement was combined with partial or complete absence of annular tissue in 112 consecutive patients. Eighty-eight had undergone a previous replacement of the aortic valve and 24 had undergone root replacement with a valved conduit. Altogether, 31 patients (27.7%) presented with acute endocarditis, which was the indication for surgery in 75% of patients with prior root replacement. In all patients, the root replacement or re-replacement was performed with a self-assembled valved conduit using mechanical (n = 74) or, in patients with an advanced age, biological (n = 38) valve prostheses.

Results:

In-hospital mortality was 11.6%, including a 30-day mortality of 6.3%. Resternotomy for bleeding was necessary in 5.4% of patients and about one-quarter did not need any blood transfusion. Estimated survival at 1, 5, and 10 years was 84.8% ± 3.4%, 75.7% ± 4.3%, and 57.1% ± 6.5%, respectively. Freedom from any valve-related events at 10 years was 86.2% ± 4.1%. During the follow-up time (mean, 63 ± 47 months), there was only 1 reoperation necessary 9 years after surgery (replacement of deteriorated biological valve prosthesis within the vascular tube leaving the conduit untouched).

Conclusions:

A self-assembled composite graft allows safe proximal fixation of the conduit in patients with destroyed aortic annulus, resulting in sufficient proximal anastomosis and a very low incidence of aorta-related reoperations.

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