Association of dead space ventilation and prolonged ventilation after repair of tetralogy of Fallot with pulmonary atresia

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Background

We set out to determine whether patients with tetralogy of Fallot with pulmonary atresia and major aortopulmonary collateral arteries (TOF/PA/MAPCA) are at risk for elevated dead space ventilation fraction (VD/VT), and whether this is associated with prolonged mechanical ventilation. We hypothesized that elevated VD/VT (>20%) in the first 24 hours after unifocalization surgery is associated with increased risk for prolonged mechanical ventilation (>7 days).

Methods

All patients with TOF/PA/MAPCA undergoing unifocalization surgery between January 2003 and December 2015 were included in this study. Average VD/VT was calculated over the first 24 hours after surgery. Demographic and surgical data were collected. Outcome data included duration of mechanical ventilation. Patients were separated into 2 groups: elevated VD/VT and normal DVSF. Groups were compared using the Student t test, Wilcoxon rank-sum test, and χ2 test. Univariable and multivariable regression analyses were performed with VD/VT as a continuous variable to test for association.

Results

Of the 265 included patients, 127 (48%) had an elevated VD/VT. The 2 groups did not differ significantly in any demographic characteristic. Patients with an elevated VD/VT had longer cardiopulmonary bypass times (P = .03), were more likely to have delayed sternal closure, and more likely to have prolonged respiratory failure (odds ratio, 2.2; 95% confidence interval, 1.2-4.0; P = .007). The percent VD/VT was associated with duration of mechanical ventilation in univariable (P < .001) and multivariable (P < .001) regression analyses when controlled for age, weight and bypass time.

Conclusions

Elevated postoperative VD/VT is associated with prolonged mechanical ventilation in patients with TOF/PA/MAPCA following unifocalization. Elevated postoperative VD/VT may be an early indicator of patients who will require prolonged duration of mechanical ventilation, allowing optimization of medical management to promote better outcomes.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles