Adjuvant chemotherapy for patients with pathologic node-positive esophageal cancer after induction chemotherapy is associated with improved survival

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Objectives

The study objectives were to identify variables associated with the use of adjuvant chemotherapy among patients with node-positive esophageal cancer who received induction therapy and to evaluate its relationship with overall survival.

Methods

Treatment data for patients with esophageal cancer receiving induction chemotherapy ± radiotherapy and esophagectomy were abstracted from the National Cancer Data Base. Pathologic node-positive patients were dichotomized by whether they received 2 or more cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy or none. Kaplan–Meier survival curves were generated, and a Cox proportional hazards model was done to identify factors associated with overall survival.

Results

From 2006 to 2012, 3100 patients had pathologic positive nodes after induction therapy and esophagectomy. A total of 2625 patients (84.7%) did not receive adjuvant chemotherapy, and 475 patients (15.3%) did. N3 nodal stage was associated with an increased likelihood of receiving adjuvant chemotherapy (reference: N1, odds ratio, 1.82, 95% confidence interval, 1.15-2.97, P = .01), whereas increasing age (by year, odds ratio, 0.97, confidence interval, 0.96-0.98, P < .001), induction chemoradiation therapy (reference: induction chemotherapy, odds ratio, 0.39, confidence interval, 0.30-0.52, P < .001), and increasing inpatient length of stay after esophagectomy (per day: odds ratio, 0.98, confidence interval, 0.97-0.99, P = .007) were associated with a decreased likelihood. Patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy had improved overall survival at each pathologic nodal stage: 31.6 months versus 22.7 months for N1 disease (P < .001), 32.4 months versus 19.2 months for N2 disease (P = .035), and 19.5 months versus 10.4 months for N3 disease (P < .001). Adjuvant therapy was independently associated with decreased mortality hazard (hazard ratio, 0.69, 95% confidence interval, 0.57-0.83, P < .001).

Conclusions

Patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy after induction therapy and esophagectomy show a survival benefit at all positive nodal stages. Prospective studies may help further delineate this benefit.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles