Lentivirus-mediated platelet-derived factor VIII gene therapy in murine haemophilia A

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Abstract

Background

Previous studies from our laboratory have demonstrated that lineage-targeted synthesis of factor VIII (FVIII) under the direction of the platelet-specific integrin αIIb gene promoter (2bF8) can correct the murine haemophilia A phenotype even in the presence of high titer inhibitory antibodies in a transgenic mouse model. Objective: In this study, we assessed the efficacy of using a genetic therapy approach to correct haemophilia A in FVIII-deficient (FVIIInull) mice by transplantation of bone marrow (BM) transduced with a lentivirus (LV)-based gene transfer cassette encoding 2bF8.

Results

Functional FVIII activity (FVIII:C) was detected in platelet lysates from treated mice and the levels were similar to 2bF8 heterozygous transgenic mice. Mice transplanted with 2bF8 LV-transduced BM survived tail clipping and we did not detected inhibitory or non-inhibitory FVIII antibodies over the period of this study (11 months). Furthermore, BM transferred from the primary transplant recipients into FVIIInull secondary recipients demonstrated sustained platelet-FVIII expression leading to correction of the haemophilia A phenotype showing that gene transfer occurred within long-term repopulating haematopoietic stem cells.

Conclusions

These results demonstrate that ectopic expression of FVIII in platelets by lentivirus-mediated bone marrow transduction/transplantation may be a promising strategy for gene therapy of haemophilia A in humans.

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