Acute hemorrhagic complications are associated with lower coated-platelet levels in non-lacunar brain infarction

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Abstract

Background:

Coated platelets are procoagulant platelets observed upon dual agonist stimulation with collagen and thrombin. Coated-platelet levels are elevated in patients with non-lacunar ischemic stroke and decreased in patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage as compared with controls.

Objective:

To investigate whether acute hemorrhagic complications occurring during the initial hospital admission for non-lacunar ischemic stroke are associated with lower coated-platelet levels.

Patients/methods:

Coated-platelet levels were determined in 385 consecutive patients with non-lacunar stroke. Hemorrhagic complications were defined as either intracranial hemorrhage or significant extracranial bleeding (drop in hemoglobin of ≥ 2 g dL−1). The rate of acute hemorrhagic complication was compared among subjects categorized into tertiles of coated-platelet levels using an exact Cochrane-Armitage trend test. Logistic regression was used to estimate the adjusted odds of hemorrhagic complication associated with coated-platelet levels.

Results:

Hemorrhagic complications were present in 15 (3.9%) cases. Of these, four had intracranial hemorrhage and 11 had extracranial hemorrhage. The occurrence of hemorrhagic complications differed among the coated-platelet tertiles: 10.2% for the first tertile (coated-platelet levels < 35.5%), 1.5% for the second tertile and 0% for the third tertile (coated-platelet levels ≥ 47.5%, trend test). Logistic regression showed that the odds of hemorrhagic complication in those with levels < 35.5% were 14.59 times the odds for patients with levels ≥ 35.5% (95% CI: 3.24–65.7).

Conclusions:

Lower levels of procoagulant platelets are associated with acute hemorrhagic complications following non-lacunar ischemic stroke. These results suggest a role for coated-platelets in risk/benefit assessment in the early stages of stroke.

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