The mutation in factor V (FV) G1691A, known as factor V Leiden, and prothrombin (FII) gene G20210A are the two most prevalent causes of inherited thrombophilia. The present study reports the prevalence of factor V Leiden and the prothrombin G20210A gene mutations among healthy individuals of Kurdish ethnic background in Western Iran.Methods
Four hundred thirty-four healthy unrelated individuals, 255 male and 179 female, with a mean age of 28.7 ± 15.5 from the Kermanshah Province of Iran were studied for prothrombin G20210A mutation. The factor V Leiden mutation was studied in 404 healthy individuals, of whom 232 were male and 172 were female. The factor V Leiden and prothrombin G20210A were detected by polymerase chain reaction–restriction fragment-length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method using Mnl I and Hind III restriction enzymes, respectively.Results
Among 434 individuals studied for prothrombin G20210A mutation seven carried this mutation as heterozygous (four female subjects and three male), giving a prevalence of 1.6% [95% confidence intervals (CI) 0.5–2.7) and an allele frequency of 0.8%. No homozygous prothrombin 20210AA was found. Factor V G1691A mutation was detected as heterozygous in 11 of 404 healthy individuals (five female and six male) and as homozygous in one male indicating a prevalence of 2.97% (95% CI 1.3–4.6) and allele frequency of 1.6%.Conclusions
Our results indicated that the factor V Leiden and prothrombin G20210A mutations are not rare among populations of Western Iran and that the relationship between venous thrombophilia and these mutations have to be further studied in Western Iran population, which, in turn, may suggest a causal effect.