A Randomized, Phase 2 Trial of Docetaxel with or without PX-866, an Irreversible Oral Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase Inhibitor, in Patients with Relapsed or Metastatic Non–Small-Cell Lung Cancer

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Abstract

Introduction:

The phosphotidylinositol-3 kinase/serine-threonine kinase (AKT)/mammalian target of rapamycin signaling pathway is frequently altered in non–small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). PX-866 is an oral, irreversible, pan-isoform inhibitor of phosphotidylinositol-3 kinase. Preclinical models revealed synergy with docetaxel and a phase 1 trial demonstrated tolerability of this combination. This randomized phase 2 study evaluated PX-866 combined with docetaxel in patients with advanced, refractory NSCLC.

Methods:

Patients with locally advanced, recurrent, or metastatic NSCLC who had received at least one and no more than two prior systemic treatment regimens were randomized (1:1) to a combination of docetaxel (75 mg/m2 intravenous every 21 days) with or without PX-866 (8 mg orally daily; arms A and B, respectively). The primary end point was progression-free survival (PFS). Secondary end points included objective response rate, overall survival (OS), toxicity, and correlation of biomarker analyses with efficacy outcomes.

Results:

A total of 95 patients were enrolled. Median PFS was 2 months in arm A and 2.9 months in arm B (p = 0.65). Objective response rates were 6% and 0% in arms A and B, respectively (p = 0.4). There was no difference in OS between the two arms (7.0 versus 9.2 months; p = 0.9). Grade 3 or higher adverse events were infrequent, but more common in the combination arm with respect to diarrhea (7% versus 2%), nausea (4% versus 0%), and vomiting (7% versus 0%). PIK3CA mutations or PTEN loss were infrequently observed.

Conclusion:

The addition of PX-866 to docetaxel did not improve PFS, response rate, or OS in patients with advanced, refractory NSCLC without molecular preselection.

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