Non-Coding RNA: A New Tool for the Diagnosis, Prognosis, and Therapy of Small Cell Lung Cancer

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Abstract

In recent years, novel classes of noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) have been discovered, which are implicated in diverse functional and regulatory activities. Growing evidence indicates that deregulated ncRNAs play crucial roles in the onset and progression of cancer, including small-cell lung cancer. In this review, we highlight nearly all of the findings regarding the roles and the possible mechanisms of ncRNAs as oncogenes or tumor suppressors in small-cell lung cancer. Furthermore, we discuss the possible role of ncRNAs as diagnostic biomarkers, their significant contribution to the prognosis, and their functions in regulating the response to therapy.

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