Phase I Trial of Cediranib in Combination with Cisplatin and Pemetrexed in Chemonaive Patients with Unresectable Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma (SWOG S0905)

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IntroductionIn malignant pleural mesothelioma, targeting angiogenesis with cediranib, a vascular endothelial growth factor receptor and platelet-derived growth factor receptor inhibitor, may have therapeutic potential.MethodsS0905 phase I combined cediranib (two dose cohorts [30 mg and 20 mg daily]) with cisplatin-pemetrexed for six cycles followed by maintenance cediranib in unresectable chemonaive patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma of any histologic subtype. The primary end point established the maximum tolerated dose in combination with cisplatin-pemetrexed in a dose deescalation scheme.ResultsA total of 20 patients were enrolled (seven to the 30-mg cohort and 13 to the 20-mag cohort). In the cediranib 30-mg cohort, two of the initial six patients reported dose-limiting toxicities and the dose was deemed too toxic to continue. In the next cohort, two patients experienced dose-limiting toxicities, and thus, the maximum tolerated dose of cediranib was established as 20 mg. During the six cycles of cisplatin-pemetrexed-cediranib, 20 mg, there were grade 3 toxicities (neutropenia and gastrointestinal) and grade 4 thrombocytopenia. No patients had any significant episodes of bleeding. According to the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (n = 17 evaluable patients), the median progression-free survival was 12.8 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 6.9–17.2); according to the Modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (n = 19 evaluable patients), the median progression-free survival was 8.6 months (95% CI: 6.1–10.9). For all patients, the disease control rate at 6 weeks was 90% and median overall survival time was 16.2 months (95% CI: 10.5–28.7).ConclusionsCediranib combined with cisplatin-pemetrexed has a reasonable toxicity profile and preliminary promising efficacy. The phase II S0905 trial will evaluate the efficacy of the triplet regimen compared with the current standard of care, cisplatin-pemetrexed.

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