Biomarker-Integrated Neoadjuvant Dasatinib Trial in Resectable Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

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Abstract

Introduction:

Window of opportunity trials in malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) are challenging but can yield important translational information about a novel agent.

Methods:

We treated patients with MPM (N = 24) with 4 weeks of oral dasatinib followed by surgery with or without radiotherapy and then an optional 2 years of maintenance dasatinib. The primary end point was biomarker modulation of phosphorylated (p) SrcTyr419.

Results:

For all patients, the median progression-free survival (PFS) was 7.5 months and the median overall survival was 19.1 months. No significant responses were seen after 4 weeks of dasatinib therapy; however, modulation of median p-SrcTyr419 immunohistochemistry (IHC) scores was seen: the median pretreatment score was 70 (interquartile range 37.5–110), and the median posttreatment score was 41.9 (interquartile range 4.2–60) (p = 0.004). A decrease in p-SrcTyr419 levels after dasatinib correlated with improved median PFS (6.9 months versus 0.94 months [p = 0.03]), suggesting that p-SrcTyr419 is a viable pharmacodynamic biomarker for dasatinib in MPM. Platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR) pathway analysis correlated high PDGFR beta [PDGFRB) level (in the cytoplasm [hazard ratio] (HR) = 2.54, p = 0.05], stroma [HR = 2.79, p = 0.03], and nucleus [HR = 6.79, p = 0.023]) with a shorter PFS. Low (less than the median) cytoplasmic p-PDGFR alpha IHC levels were predictive of a decrease in positron emission tomography/computed tomography standard uptake values levels after dasatinib therapy (p = 0.04), whereas higher-than-median IHC scores of PDGFRB (cytoplasmic [HR = 2.8, p = 0.03] and nuclear [HR = 6.795, p = 0.02]) were correlated with rising standard uptake values levels.

Conclusions:

In conclusion, there was no significant efficacy signal, and dasatinib monotherapy will not continue to be studied in MPM. However, our study demonstrated that PDGFR subtypes (platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha and PDGFRB) may have differential roles in prognosis and resistance to antiangiogenic tyrosine kinase inhibitors and are important potential therapeutic targets that require further investigation.

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