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Window of opportunity trials in malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) are challenging but can yield important translational information about a novel agent.We treated patients with MPM (N = 24) with 4 weeks of oral dasatinib followed by surgery with or without radiotherapy and then an optional 2 years of maintenance dasatinib. The primary end point was biomarker modulation of phosphorylated (p) SrcTyr419.For all patients, the median progression-free survival (PFS) was 7.5 months and the median overall survival was 19.1 months. No significant responses were seen after 4 weeks of dasatinib therapy; however, modulation of median p-SrcTyr419 immunohistochemistry (IHC) scores was seen: the median pretreatment score was 70 (interquartile range 37.5–110), and the median posttreatment score was 41.9 (interquartile range 4.2–60) (p = 0.004). A decrease in p-SrcTyr419 levels after dasatinib correlated with improved median PFS (6.9 months versus 0.94 months [p = 0.03]), suggesting that p-SrcTyr419 is a viable pharmacodynamic biomarker for dasatinib in MPM. Platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR) pathway analysis correlated high PDGFR beta [PDGFRB) level (in the cytoplasm [hazard ratio] (HR) = 2.54, p = 0.05], stroma [HR = 2.79, p = 0.03], and nucleus [HR = 6.79, p = 0.023]) with a shorter PFS. Low (less than the median) cytoplasmic p-PDGFR alpha IHC levels were predictive of a decrease in positron emission tomography/computed tomography standard uptake values levels after dasatinib therapy (p = 0.04), whereas higher-than-median IHC scores of PDGFRB (cytoplasmic [HR = 2.8, p = 0.03] and nuclear [HR = 6.795, p = 0.02]) were correlated with rising standard uptake values levels.In conclusion, there was no significant efficacy signal, and dasatinib monotherapy will not continue to be studied in MPM. However, our study demonstrated that PDGFR subtypes (platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha and PDGFRB) may have differential roles in prognosis and resistance to antiangiogenic tyrosine kinase inhibitors and are important potential therapeutic targets that require further investigation.