Radiosensitivity of Lung Metastases by Primary Histology and Implications for Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy Using the Genomically Adjusted Radiation Dose

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Abstract

Introduction:

We assessed the radiosensitivity of lung metastases on the basis of primary histologic type by using a validated gene signature and model lung metastases for the gnomically adjusted radiation dose (GARD).

Methods:

Tissue samples were identified from our prospective observational protocol. The radiosensitivity index (RSI) 10-gene assay was run on samples and calculated alongside the GARD by using the previously published algorithms. A cohort of 105 patients with 137 lung metastases treated with stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) at our institution was used for clinical correlation.

Results:

A total of 138 unique metastatic lung lesions from our institution’s tissue biorepository were identified for inclusion. There were significant differences in the RSI of lung metastases on the basis of histology. In order of decreasing radioresistance, the median RSIs for the various histologic types of cancer were endometrial adenocarcinoma (0.49), soft-tissue sarcoma (0.47), melanoma (0.44), rectal adenocarcinoma (0.43), renal cell carcinoma (0.33), head and neck squamous cell cancer (0.33), colon adenocarcinoma (0.32), and breast adenocarcinoma (0.29) (p = 0.002). We modeled the GARD for these samples and identified the biologically effective dose necessary to optimize local control. The 12- and 24-month Kaplan-Meier rates of local control for radioresistant versus radiosensitive histologic types from our clinical correlation cohort after lung SBRT were 92%/87% and 100%, respectively (p = 0.02).

Conclusions:

In this analysis, we have noted significant differences in radiosensitivity on the basis of primary histologic type of lung metastases and have modeled the biologically effective dose necessary to optimize local control. This study suggests that primary histologic type may be an additional factor to consider in selection of SBRT dose to the lung and that dose personalization may be feasible.

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