Selective Hepatic Artery Ligation: Limitations and Failures

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The hospital records of 540 consecutive patients with hepatic trauma were reviewed. Persistent arterial bleeding from hepatic wounds was encountered in approximately 10% of severe liver injuries. Compression of the porta hepatis will result in cessation of bleeding in such patients and subsequent ligature of the appropriate lobar artery will provide permanent, safe control of bleeding. Failures of selective hepatic artery ligation commonly result from incomplete diagnosis of the extent of injury to portal veins and hepatic veins.

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