Fractures caused by gunshots are increasingly common in urban hospitals and trauma centers. The rising incidence and complexity of these injuries present difficult management problems and health care burdens. In a 3-year period, from 1989 through 1991, 21 patients with femoral shaft fractures from low-velocity bullets were treated with intramedullary fixation within 15 hours of admission. Eighteen patients were available for follow-up. The fractures had healed in all patients. Average hospitalizetion for an isolated injury was 7 days. There were no complications related to immediate internal fixation. Immediate internal fixation of femoral shaft fractures caused by low-velocity gunshots can be performed in an efficient and cost effective manner.