REFLEX SYMPATHETIC DYSTROPHY OF THE HEAD: CASE REPORT AND DISCUSSION OF DIAGNOSTIC CRITERIA

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Abstract

The case of a patient who was involved in a car crash is presented. On the right side her wrist and zygomatic arch were fractured. At both localizations she developed a painful syndrome. The diagnosis of reflex sympathetic dystrophy of her arm was made within 3 weeks after the injury and therapy instituted. The pain in her face and skull were accompanied by vasomotor changes which increased after exercise and by hypesthesia, hyperpathia, paresis, and hyperhidrosis. Disorders of the cranial nerves were excluded by physical examination and electromyography and structural disorders by CT scanning. The diagnosis reflex sympathetic dystrophy of the head was made one year after the injury. The problems in diagnosis are discussed.

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