Prehospital Intraosseus Access With the Bone Injection Gun by a Helicopter-Transported Emergency Medical Team

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Abstract

Background:

To evaluate the use of the bone injection gun to obtain vascular access in the prehospital setting by an Helicopter-Transported Emergency Medical Team.

Methods:

Prospective descriptive study to assess the frequency and success rate of the use of the bone injection gun in prehospital care by a Helicopter-Transported Emergency Medical Team.

Results:

In 40 of 780 (5.1%) patients, an attempt was made to obtain intraosseous access with the bone injection gun. Intraosseous access was attempted more often in children than in adults (p < 0.01). The success rate was 71% (10 out of 14) in children <16 years and 73% (19 out of 26) in adults (p = 1.0). There were no complications to the health care providers involved and no unwanted sequels to the patients involved.

Conclusions:

The bone injection gun is an effective and safe device for the resuscitation of patients in a prehospital setting. It seems to be equivalent in success rate as intraosseous needles in children, but it seems to be more successful in adults.

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