Health-related Quality of Life of Children with Newly Diagnosed Specific Learning Disability

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Abstract

The objective of this study was to measure health-related quality of life (HRQL) of children with newly diagnosed specific learning disability (SpLD) using the Child Health Questionnaire-Parent Form 50®. We detected clinically significant deficits (effect size ≥ −0.5) in 9 out of 12 domains: limitations in family activities, emotional impact on parents, social limitations as a result of emotional–behavioral problems, time impact on parents, general behavior, physical functioning, social limitations as a result of physical health, general health perceptions and mental health; and in both summary scores (psychosocial > physical). Multivariate analysis revealed having ≥ 1 non-academic problem(s) (p < 0.0001), attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (p=0.005) or first-born status (p=0.009) predicted a poor psychosocial summary score; and having ≥1 non-academic problem(s) (p=0.006) or first-born status (p=0.035) predicted a poor physical summary score. HRQL is significantly compromised in children having newly diagnosed SpLD.

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