Fatal Neonatal Peritoneal Candidiasis Mimicking Mucormycosis—A Case Report and Review of Literature

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Candida species have been implicated as significant contributors to morbidity in the neonatal period and are associated with 25–50% of mortality in invasive neonatal candidiasis. Peritoneal candidiasis, being paucisymptomatic, cannot often be correctly identified in a preterm neonate. The correct approach to diagnosis of neonatal peritoneal candidiasis is taking into account the epidemiology along with a strong clinical suspicion and appropriate timely diagnostic interventions. We report a case of fatal neonatal peritoneal candidiasis which was misdiagnosed as mucormycosis.

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