Epidemiology, Clinical and Laboratory Features and Course of Chikungunya among a Cohort of Children during the First Caribbean Epidemic

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Abstract

This study describes the epidemiology, the clinical features and the course of confirmed chikungunya among a cohort of children. It is a prospective audit of chikungunya cases among children registered for routine medical care at a primary care center. Children presenting with suspected chikungunya were confirmed using real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. There were 203 suspected cases of chikungunya; of these, 115 samples were tested and 69 (59.0%) were confirmed. The attack rate of chikungunya was 10.2% and 3.5% for the suspected and confirmed cases, respectively. Only six (8.7%) of the children with confirmed chikungunya required hospitalization. Joint pain was a clinical feature in 68 of 69 (98.6%) and skin rash was seen in 32 (46.4%) confirmed cases. The duration of illness was <2 weeks in 89.9% and less than a week in 62.3% of cases. In conclusion, most children had mild clinical manifestations and recovered fully within 2 weeks.

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