How to Acquire Cardiac Volumes for Sonographic Examination of the Fetal Heart: Part 1

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Abstract

Four-dimensional sonography with spatiotemporal image correlation (STIC) technology allows acquisition of a fetal cardiac volume data set and displays a cine loop of a complete single cardiac cycle in motion. Part 1 of this 2-part article reviews STIC technology and its features, the importance of operator training/experience, and acquisition of high-quality STIC volumes, as well as factors that affect STIC volume acquisition rates. We also propose a detailed and practical stepwise approach to performing 4-dimensional sonography with STIC and begin herein by providing general recommendations. Part 2 will discuss specifics of the approach, along with how to determine whether such volumes are appropriate for analysis.

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