We estimated the changes in utilization of radical prostatectomy for treatment of prostate cancer and describe the clinical characteristics of men undergoing radical prostatectomy in a population based setting.Materials and Methods
The Rochester Epidemiology Project was used to identify all Olmsted County residents who underwent radical prostatectomy from 1980 to 1995. The community medical records of these men were reviewed to determine the clinical and pathological stage and grade at biopsy and following surgery.Results
From 1980 to 1995, 311 radical prostatectomies were performed on Olmsted County men. From 1980 to 1987 prostatectomy rates ranged from 6.3 to 31.0/100,000 men but rates increased dramatically to 53.6/100,000 in 1988 and 106.2/100,000 in 1992. The rate after 1992 decreased to 53.0/100,000 and then increased slightly to 80.4/100,000. There was a shift to younger age in more recent times (mean patient age 65.4 years in 1980 to 1986 and 62.4 in 1993 to 1995, p = 0.02), a nonsignificant (p = 0.10) trend toward lower pathological stage in recent years (42% stage pT2 in 1980 to 1986 versus 55% in 1993 to 1995) and a significant decrease in the proportion of cases of disease up staged following surgery (53% in 1980 to 1986 versus 37% in 1993 to 1995, p = 0.03). There was no significant trend in pathological grade with time (63% Mayo grade I or II in 1980 to 1986 versus 52% in 1993 to 1995, p = 0.30).Conclusions
These findings demonstrate an increase in radical prostatectomy rates that coincided with increases in prostate cancer incidence. There was a decrease in population prostatectomy rates in 1993 which was followed by modest increases to levels lower than the peak in 1992. However, the clinical characteristics of patients during this period did not change dramatically, suggesting that in a population based setting the selection factors for patients undergoing surgical treatment may not have changed.