In superficial urothelial tumors of the bladder, p53 status is currently the most informative pretreatment parameter to define a population at higher risk for invasive carcinoma. Also, in T1 tumors, occurrence of muscular invasion is often related to an early relapse following BCG therapy. With the knowledge of biological parameters able to identify the group of initial BCG therapy non-responders, it would be possible to offer earlier treatment to the patients who need a more aggressive mode of therapy. The aim of this work was to study the predictive value of the p53 tumor status on the early BCG therapy response.Materials and Methods
The population included a selected group of 43 patients presenting T1 bladder tumors with no carcinoma in situ (Tis), treated by transurethral resection (TUR) followed by intravesical BCG therapy. Clinical outcome was analyzed in relation to usual clinical and histopathological parameters, and pretreatment p53 tumor status was assayed by an immunohistochemical technique using DO7 monoclonal antibody. For 16 specimens, p53 gene was investigated using a Single Strand Conformation Polymorphism (SSCP) analysis and sequence determination.Results
p53 anomalies were strongly correlated to smoking behavior (p = 0.003) and tumoral grade (p = 0.025). Univariate analysis revealed an absence of correlation between p53 immunostaining and initial, one and two years response-rate to BCG therapy. However, longterm followup revealed a trend between positive staining and disease progression. The p53 molecular study validated the use of DO7 immunostaining in detection of p53 anomalies.Conclusions
In T1 bladder tumors, pretreatment p53 determination was not useful to define a group of early BCG non-responders. Thus, p53 status and immunological response induced by BCG endovesical therapy are two independent events.