BLADDER DYSFUNCTION: AN INTEGRAL PART OF THE ECTOPIC URETEROCELE COMPLEX

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Abstract

Purpose

We evaluate whether bladder dysfunction is common in patients with ectopic ureterocele and, if so, whether it is an integral part of the ectopic ureterocele complex or a result of surgery.

Materials and Methods

From 1986 to 1995, 34 patients with a mean age of 10 months were treated for large or medium ectopic ureteroceles at our institution and 32 participated in postoperative followup. Bladder function was investigated by a careful history and repeat uroflowmetry, and residual urine estimation was assessed by ultrasound and cystometry.

Results

Of the 32 patients 19 had infrequent voiding and 3 had incontinence. Cystometric bladder capacity was increased to greater than 150% of the normal value for age in 15 of 27 patients (55%). Uroflowmetry revealed greater than 5 ml. residual urine in 15 patients (56%). Postoperatively no radiological signs of bladder neck obstruction were found. Increased bladder capacity and residual urine did not correlate with ureterocele size or location, or surgical procedure. There was no progression of bladder dysfunction with age.

Conclusions

Children with ectopic ureterocele are at high risk for a high capacity bladder with incomplete emptying. This bladder dysfunction associated with ectopic ureterocele does not seem to be the result of surgery but an integral part of the disorder.

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