We determine the safety and efficacy of transurethral needle ablation of the prostate in patients with moderate to severe symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia.Materials and Methods
Transurethral needle ablation of the prostate was performed on 45 consecutive patients. For an average prostate of 2.5 to 3 cm. long treatments were performed in 2 separate planes at 4 quadrants (2, 4, 8 and 10 o'clock positions) each. The 2 planes were 1 cm. below the bladder neck and 1 cm. proximal to the verumontanum. For prostatic urethral lengths longer than 3 cm. a treatment plane was added for each additional centimeter of prostatic urethra. The procedure was performed in 26 patients under local anesthesia using 20 cc 2% intraurethral lidocaine gel (11) or supplemented with intravenous 1.25 to 5 mg. midozolam (15). Of these patients 2 had a supplemental perineal block using a mixture of equal amounts of 15 cc 2% lidocaine without epinephrine and 0.25% bripivacaine, 10 underwent the procedure under general anesthesia, 2 had epidural and 4 had spinal anesthesia, and 3 had managed anesthesia care. Mean length of each procedure was 79 minutes (range 50 to 240). All procedures were done on an outpatient basis and patients were released on the same operative day.Results
Mean prostatic volume on transrectal ultrasound was estimated at 48.1 cc (range 20 to 185). Following treatment the International Prostate Symptom Score decreased from a mean of 20.9 at baseline to 15.4 at 1 month, 16.1 at 3 months, 10.7 at 6 months and 9.9 at 1 year. The peak flow rate improved from a baseline mean of 8.3 to 13.4 at 3 months, 13.1 at 6 months and 14.9 at 1 year. The quality of life score improved from a baseline of 4.8 to 3.5, 2.2, 2.5 and 1.03 at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months, respectively. Of the 2 patients in whom the procedure failed; 1 required a bladder neck incision at 3 months and the other transurethral resection of the prostate. Foley catheters were left in place in all patients for an average of 4.85 days.Conclusions
After a followup of up to 12 months we conclude that transurethral needle ablation of the prostate is an effective treatment for symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia. This procedure has minimal morbidity, is less costly than conventional transurethral resection of the prostate and can be performed as an outpatient office procedure under a local anesthesia in a significant number of patients.