CATHETER-FREE SAME DAY SURGERY TRANSURETHRAL RESECTION OF THE PROSTATE

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Abstract

Purpose

Transurethral resection of the prostate using electrocautery has long been the standard method of management of lower urinary tract obstructive symptoms. While there has been a trend towards reduced catheterization time following transurethral prostatic resection, this study outlines the methods and results of transurethral prostatic resection performed in the day surgery setting.

Materials and Methods

The study was performed at a free-standing licensed day surgical hospital serving a patient population of more than 150,000. A total of 58 patients of a mean age of 68.77 years (range 49 to 87) underwent same day conventional transurethral prostatic resection. Of the procedures 39 (67%) were performed with spinal and the remainder with general anesthesia.

Results

Mean overall duration of catheterization was 6.54 hours. Of the 48 patients (82.76%) undergoing single catheterization mean duration was 5.59 hours. Mean total duration of catheterization for 10 patients (17.24%) who required reinsertion of a catheter was 11.09 hours. Duration of catheterization was 7.69 hours for patients treated with spinal and 3.86 for those treated with general anesthesia. Repeat catheterization was required in 10 patients and was due to urethral discomfort in initiating micturition in 8. Postoperative urinary tract infections occurred in 2 patients. No patient was readmitted to the hospital for retention of urine but 1 was admitted to a private hospital for management of postoperative fever and 1 for monitoring of tachycardia.

Conclusions

Conventional transurethral resection of the prostate can be effectively managed in the day surgery setting with minimal morbidity. There are significant advantages in reduction of catheterization time and duration of hospital stay, and the procedure compares favorably with new modalities.

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