TREATMENT RESULTS USING A MIXED FIBER MESH IN PATIENTS WITH GRADE IV CYSTOCELE

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Abstract

Purpose

We determined the efficacy of a modification of the 4-corner bladder and bladder neck suspension procedure using mixed fiber mesh to correct grade IV cystocele.

Materials and Methods

We evaluated 15 women with a mean age 67 years who had severe anterior vaginal wall prolapse, of whom 3 had concurrent enterorectocele. Previously 5 patients had undergone repair of anterior vaginal wall prolapse and 2 had undergone procedures for stress urinary incontinence. In 10 patients type II stress urinary incontinence was diagnosed with urethral hypermobility and abdominal leak point pressure greater than 90 cm. water. No patients with intrinsic sphincter deficiency were enrolled in the study. A mixed fiber mesh was positioned using a modification of the 4-corder bladder and bladder neck suspension technique. Patients with concurrent enterorectocele underwent simultaneous formal repair of the posterior descensus.

Results

All patients were available for postoperative pelvic examination at 3-month intervals. Mean followup was 23.4 months (range 18 to 39). Of the 15 women 13 were continent (dry) at followup. No recurrent cystocele was evident, except in 1 patient who presented with segmental posterior bladder prolapse. In 2 patients new onset enterorectocele developed 6 months after mesh implantation.

Conclusions

Our study confirms that the addition of mesh to the classic 4-corner bladder base and neck suspension procedure effectively treats incontinence and cystocele. We recommend this method for cases in which traditional techniques have previously failed and when the quality of suspending tissue is poor or defective, as in connective tissue disease. However, the risk of worsening enterorectocele or its new onset must be considered.

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