Renal Function in Patients With Nephrolithiasis

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Abstract

Purpose

We describe kidney function, as measured by creatinine clearance in stone formers, and classified by type of stone formed and systemic etiologies of stone formation.

Materials and Methods

The mean of 3 pretreatment 24-hour creatinine clearance measurements in each of 1,856 stone formers and creatinine clearance in 153 normal individuals were used. Clearance was adjusted for patient sex, age and body weight using general linear modeling.

Results

As a group, all stone formers had decreased clearance adjusted for age, sex and body weight compared to that in normal individuals. Although clearance was particularly low in cystine and struvite stone formers, they were below normal in even common CaOx stone formers.

Conclusions

As a rule, patients with kidney stones do not have normal kidney function. In clinical management all efforts must be made to minimize renal injury, balancing the risks of obstruction from stones against those of urological procedures.

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