Limited bilateral pelvic lymph node dissection performed at radical prostatectomy provides staging information that is used to guide further disease management. Given the effects of widespread prostate specific antigen testing and stage migration, most procedures in the United States are performed for low risk disease, which has a low probability (less than 1%) of lymph node metastasis. We compared 5-year treatment failure rates in patients with low, intermediate and high risk disease who underwent radical prostatectomy with or without pelvic lymph node dissection.Materials and Methods
We compared treatment failure rates for radical prostatectomy in 4,693 patients enrolled in the CaPSURE database who underwent radical prostatectomy with or without limited pelvic lymph node dissection. Secondary analysis was performed as a function of pelvic lymph node dissection and risk group based on pretreatment stage, grade and prostate specific antigen. Treatment failure rates were estimated by Kaplan-Meier analysis.Results
The 5-year failurefree survival rate was 70% in the no pelvic lymph node dissection group and 74% in the limited pelvic lymph node dissection group (p = 0.11), while the rates in the low, intermediate and high risk groups were 81% and 82% (p = 0.83), 71% and 63% (p = 0.21), and 42% and 48% (p = 0.45) in the no vs limited pelvic lymph node dissection groups, respectively. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that pelvic lymph node dissection status was not a predictor of treatment failure (p = 0.93).Conclusions
This study demonstrates in a large cohort of patients that limited pelvic lymph node dissection at radical prostatectomy has no effect on treatment failure rates at 5 years in those at low, intermediate and high risk.