Comparative Evaluation of Central Muscarinic Receptor Binding Activity by Oxybutynin, Tolterodine and Darifenacin Used to Treat Overactive Bladder

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Abstract

Purpose

We characterized muscarinic receptor binding in the mouse cerebral cortex after oral administration of anticholinergic agents used to treat overactive bladder.

Materials and Methods

Muscarinic receptors in the mouse cerebral cortex and bladder after oral administration of anticholinergic agents were measured using [3H]N-methylscopolamine.

Results

In vitro binding affinities of tolterodine and its metabolite 5-hydroxymethyl metabolite in the mouse cerebral cortex and bladder were considerably greater than those of oxybutynin and darifenacin. Also, muscarinic receptor binding affinity of oxybutynin and its metabolite N-desethyl-oxybutynin in the cerebral cortex compared with that in the bladder was 2 to 3 times higher, whereas that of tolterodine and 5-hydroxymethyl metabolite was approximately 2 times lower. Oral administration of oxybutynin (76.1 μmol/kg), tolterodine (6.31 μmol/kg) and darifenacin (59.1 μmol/kg) showed binding activity that was approximately equal to that of bladder muscarinic receptors. Oral administration of oxybutynin (76.1 μmol/kg) showed significant binding of cerebral cortical muscarinic receptors in mice, as indicated by about a 2-fold increase in Kd values for specific [3H]N-methylscopolamine binding 0.5 and 2 hours later. On the other hand, tolterodine and darifenacin given at oral doses that would exert a similar extent of bladder receptor binding activity as oxybutynin showed only a low level of binding activity of central muscarinic receptors in mice.

Conclusions

Significant binding of brain muscarinic receptors in mice was observed by the oral administration of oxybutynin but not tolterodine and darifenacin.

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