Compared to radical nephrectomy, partial nephrectomy better preserves renal parenchyma and function. Although several clinical factors may impact renal function after partial nephrectomy including preoperative function, age, gender and comorbidities, the contributions of tumor and surgical factors have not been well studied. We evaluate independent factors predicting functional outcomes after partial nephrectomy.Materials and Methods:
Preoperative and all postoperative serum creatinine values for 1,169 patients undergoing partial nephrectomy were used to estimate glomerular filtration rate. Postoperative nadir glomerular filtration rate and ultimate glomerular filtration rate were analyzed using multiple pertinent covariates.Results:
Median preoperative, postoperative nadir and ultimate glomerular filtration rates were 77, 57 and 71 ml per minute per 1.73 m2, respectively. Increasing age, gender, lower preoperative glomerular filtration rate, solitary kidney, tumor size, ischemia time and longer time to nadir glomerular filtration rate significantly predicted postoperative nadir glomerular filtration rate and ultimate glomerular filtration rate. Acute loss of renal function predicted lower ultimate glomerular filtration rate. In the entire cohort, in patients with normal preoperative renal function, and in those with baseline stage 3 and those with stage 4 chronic kidney disease the incidence of postoperative acute kidney injury after partial nephrectomy was 3.6%, 0.8%, 6.2% and 34%, and the incidence of chronic end stage renal disease after partial nephrectomy was 2.5%, 0.1%, 3.7% and 36%, respectively.Conclusions:
Lower preoperative glomerular filtration rate, solitary kidney, older age, gender, tumor size and longer ischemic interval all predicted lower glomerular filtration rate after partial nephrectomy. Therefore, duration of renal ischemia is the strongest modifiable surgical risk factor for decreased renal function after partial nephrectomy, and efforts to limit ischemic time and injury should be pursued in open and laparoscopic partial nephrectomy.