Effect of Urinary Tract Infection on Reservoir Function in Patients With Ileal Bladder Substitute

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Abstract

Purpose:

We determined the functional consequences of urinary tract infection in patients with an ileal bladder substitute in terms of urinary continence, post-void residual and urinary retention.

Materials and Methods:

A total of 48 patients with culture documented urinary tract infection (single organism, 105 or greater cfu) were retrospectively evaluated before, during and after the infection for changes in continence, post-void residual and urinary retention as well as for resolution of symptomatology after appropriate antibiotic therapy.

Results:

Of the 48 patients 40 had a single infection while the remaining 8 had multiple urinary tract infection episodes. During daytime 27 of the 44 patients with previously good daytime continence experienced deterioration in their baseline voiding status while infected. Of the 40 patients who were previously continent at night 20 had incontinence while infected. There were 15 patients with documented post-void residual and urinary retention developed in 4 during the urinary tract infection. All patients returned to baseline continence status and reservoir function after appropriate antibiotic treatment based on objective and subjective assessments.

Conclusions:

Urinary tract infection may cause urinary incontinence in patients with ileal bladder substitutes. Therefore, when there are complaints of de novo urinary incontinence, a finding of post-void residual or an acute presentation of urinary retention, a urinary tract infection should be excluded. When the urinary tract infection is appropriately treated urinary continence and reservoir function return to their baseline status.

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