Familiarity and Self-Reported Compliance with American Urological Association Best Practice Recommendations for Use of Thromboembolic Prophylaxis among American Urological Association Members

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Abstract

Purpose:

Thromboprophylaxis with subcutaneous heparin or low molecular weight heparin is now an integral part of national surgical quality and safety assessment efforts, and has been incorporated into the current AUA Best Practice Statement. We evaluated familiarity and compliance with the AUA Best Practice Statement, assessed practice patterns in terms of perioperative thromboprophylaxis and specifically examined self-reported compliance in high risk patients undergoing radical cystectomy.

Materials and Methods:

An electronic survey was sent to AUA members with valid e-mail addresses (10,966). Associations between AUA Best Practice Statement adherence and factors such as urological specialty, graduation year and guideline familiarity were assessed using chi-square analyses and generalized estimating equations.

Results:

With 1,210 survey responses the largest group of respondents was urological oncologists and/or laparoscopic/robotic specialists (26.0%). This group was more likely to use thromboprophylaxis than nonurological oncologists and/or laparoscopic/robotic specialists in high risk patients (OR 1.3, CI 1.1–1.5). Respondents aware of the AUA Best Practice Statement guidelines (50.7%) were more likely to use thromboprophylaxis (OR 1.4, CI 1.2–1.6). Although 18.1% of urological oncologists and/or laparoscopic/robotic specialists and 34.2% of nonurological oncologists and/or laparoscopic/robotic specialists avoided routine thromboprophylaxis in patients undergoing radical cystectomy, the former were more likely to use thromboprophylaxis (p <0.0001) than other respondents. Urologists graduating after the year 2000 used thromboprophylaxis in high risk patients undergoing radical cystectomy more often than did earlier graduates (79.2% vs 63.4%, p <0.0001).

Conclusions:

Although younger age and self-reported urological oncologist and/or laparoscopic/robotic specialist status correlated strongly with thromboprophylaxis use, self-reported adherence to AUA Best Practice Statement was low, even in high risk cases with clear AUA Best Practice Statement recommendations such as radical cystectomy. These data identify opportunities for quality improvement in patients undergoing major urological surgery.

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