Improved Outcomes with Advancements in High Intensity Focused Ultrasound Devices for the Treatment of Localized Prostate Cancer

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid



We evaluated the association between long-term clinical outcomes and morbidity with high intensity focused ultrasound.

Materials and Methods:

We included patients with stage T1c-T3N0M0 prostate cancer who were treated with Sonablate® (SB) devices during 1999 to 2012 and followed for more than 2 years. Risk stratification and complication rates were compared among the treatment groups (ie SB200/500 group, SB500 version 4 group and SB500 tissue change monitor group). Primary study outcomes included overall, cancer specific and biochemical disease-free survival rates determined using Kaplan-Meier analysis (Phoenix definition). Secondary outcomes included predictors of biochemical disease-free survival using Cox models.


A total of 918 patients were included in the study. Median followup in the SB200/500, SB500 version 4 and the SB500 tissue change monitor groups was 108, 83 and 47 months, respectively. The 10-year overall and cancer specific survival rates were 89.6% and 97.4%, respectively. The 5-year biochemical disease-free survival rate in the SB200/500, SB500 version 4 and SB500 tissue change monitor group was 48.3%, 62.3% and 82.0%, respectively (p <0.0001). The overall negative biopsy rate was 87.3%. On multivariate analysis pretreatment prostate specific antigen, Gleason score, stage, neoadjuvant androgen deprivation therapy and high intensity focused ultrasound devices were significant predictors of biochemical disease-free survival. Urethral stricture, epididymitis, urinary incontinence and rectourethral fistula were observed in 19.7%, 6.2%, 2.3% and 0.1% of cases, respectively.


Long-term followup of patients with high intensity focused ultrasound demonstrated improved clinical outcomes due to technical, imaging and technological advancements.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles