Evaluation and Comparison of Urolithiasis Scoring Systems Used in Percutaneous Kidney Stone Surgery

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Abstract

Purpose:

Contemporary predictive tools for percutaneous nephrolithotomy outcomes include the Guy stone score, S.T.O.N.E. nephrolithometry and the CROES nephrolithometric nomogram. We compared each scoring system in the same cohort to determine which was most predictive of surgical outcomes.

Methods:

We retrospectively reviewed the records of patients who underwent percutaneous nephrolithotomy between 2009 and 2012 at a total of 3 academic institutions. We calculated the Guy stone score, the S.T.O.N.E. nephrolithometry score and the CROES nephrolithometric nomogram score based on preoperative computerized tomography images. A single observer at each institution reviewed all images and assigned scores. Univariate and multivariate analysis was done to determine the most predictive scoring system.

Results:

We enrolled 246 patients in study. In stone-free patients vs those with residual stones the mean Guy score was 2.2 vs 2.7, the mean S.T.O.N.E. score was 8.3 vs 9.5 and the mean CROES nomogram score was 222 vs 187 (each p <0.001). Logistic regression revealed that the Guy, S.T.O.N.E. nephrolithometry and CROES nomogram scores were significantly associated with stone-free status (p = 0.02, 0.004 and <0.001, respectively). The Guy and S.T.O.N.E. nephrolithometry scores were associated with estimated blood loss (p <0.0001 and 0.03) and length of stay (p = 0.03 and 0.009, respectively). The CROES nomogram did not predict estimated blood loss or length of stay.

Conclusions:

All scoring systems and the stone burden equally predicted stone-free status. The Guy and S.T.O.N.E. nephrolithometry scores were associated with estimated blood loss and length of stay. A single scoring system should be adopted to unify reporting.

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